White Pugs (Leucistic & Albino Pugs): A Complete Guide

White Pug running outdoors

Coming from one of the oldest canine breeds, white Pugs are one of the rarest varieties of the Pug breed. But what exactly is unique in an all-white Pug, and should you get one?

This guide will discuss everything you need to know about this unique breed, including their origin, temperament, white Pug health concerns to look out for, and more. 

Whether you’re considering adopting one of these beautiful dogs or want to learn more about them, you’ll find all the information here. Let’s start!

What Is a White Pug?

White Leucistic Pug tongue out while running

A white Pug is a type of Pug that is either albino or leucistic. As the name suggests, white Pugs carry pale, snowy white fur. While the usual fawn and black Pugs are common, white Pugs are rare and have only recently become popularized. 

These dogs have bright pink noses and sparkling black eyes, giving them an even more unique look than a normal Pug. 

White Pugs have all the same traits as any other Pug, making for adorable, goofy, loyal companions. 

However, according to many pet enthusiasts, white Pugs are not the best pets to get. Many pet fanciers frown upon purposely breeding white Pugs.

Leucistic Pug vs. Albino Pug: What’s the Difference?

When considering white Pugs, it’s important to understand the difference between leucistic and albino Pugs.

For starters, leucism is when an animal has reduced pigmentation in its skin cells, which results in white patches of fur among normally-colored spots. 

This also affects the coloration of blood vessels and can cause them to appear in unusual shades, such as pink or red. In the case of white Pugs, leucism results in white coat color.

On the other hand, albinism in dogs is caused by a genetic mutation that prevents the body from producing melanin. This condition leads to an all-white coat and a lack of pigmentation in their skin, eyes, and nose. 

Albino Pugs also have pink noses and eyes due to the lack of melanin. In contrast, leucistic Pugs will typically have black noses and eyes. Both types of white Pugs are considered quite rare and unique.

Albino Pugs and leucistic Pugs are scarce varieties of the Pug breed, making them unique from regular Pugs. That said, let’s dive deeper into the differences between the two.

Leucistic Pug

Leucistic Pugs are a variant of the so-called white Pugs. These Pugs are known for their striking white coats that result from their lack of pigmentation. Unfortunately, leucistic white Pugs are predisposed to health issues and are therefore considered unhealthy dogs with shorter lifespans.

However, some leucistic Pugs can still live longer and healthier lives when given proper care and nutrition. 

These pups may have patches of normally-colored spots among their white fur and typically will have black or dark pink noses and eyes. They are considered quite rare and special, making them unique companions.

On the other hand, leucistic Pugs are also known for their charming personalities, making them adored by many Pug owners. 

Because of their snowy coat and visible blood vessels running through the Pug’s skin, leucistic Pugs often stand out among regular Pugs and can be easily spotted in a crowd.

If you’re looking for a loyal companion, the leucistic Pug is sure to fit the bill. However, before getting one, you need to ensure that you can keep up with all the possible downsides of owning a leucistic Pug.

Albino Pug

An albino Pug has a genetic mutation that causes it to have white fur and pinkish skin. Albino Pugs also display lighter eyes and are more likely to develop scoliosis and ear infections. Pugs with albinism also have difficulty regulating their body temperature, making them sensitive to the elements.

These pups will have pink noses with pink or light blue eyes due to the complete lack of melanin production, giving them an even more unique look than leucistic Pugs. 

Albino Pugs are a rare sight, making them incredibly alluring to Pug fanciers despite their health issues.

In general, white dogs have the same playful personality and endearing features as other colored Pug dogs but with an added degree of uniqueness.

Albino Pug owners should take extra precautions to keep their pups safe from the sun’s rays; their genetic problem in producing melanin makes them extremely prone to sunburn. 

It is not recommended to breed albino Pugs on purpose because it is deemed unethical. The same goes for supporting albino Pug breeders. That said, as much as possible, you should only get an albino from dog shelters.

White Pug Appearance

White Pug playing on the grass

White Pugs typically weigh between 14 and 18 pounds, with a standard height of 10 to 13 inches. A white Pug can be distinguished by having a short white coat, a bright pink nose, and sparkling black eyes. 

One way to describe a white Pug is to compare it with the standard fawn Pugs. White Pugs differ from standard fawn Pugs in a few distinct ways. 

Their coats are entirely or partially white, while the coat of a standard fawn Pug is typically light brown with a black mask, ears, and tail. 

White Pugs have bright pink noses rather than the black ones found on the more common fawn-colored Pugs. 

The eyes of a white Pug sparkle black, while the eyes of a standard Pug are usually a darker shade in color. 

Finally, some white Pugs may have patches of normally-colored spots among their fur, depending on if they are leucistic or albino. These patches are not typically seen on standard Pug colors.

Watch this video to have an idea of what a white Pug looks like:

Meet Bingsu the Pug Puppy!

The Controversy Around White Pugs

While white Pugs have become increasingly popular in recent years, there is controversy surrounding this color variation. Breeders experiment with mixing breeds to achieve a paler dog’s coat close to white.

White Pugs are controversial due to their rarity and the fact that they are a relatively new breed. In response, the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) released their Pug official breed standard.

The CKC standards state that the coat colors accepted for a Pug are apricot, black, silver, and fawn. White Pugs do not meet this standard and are therefore not recognized as an official breed.

This means that any white Pug puppies born from a breeding program would be considered mixed-breed dogs rather than purebreds.

Some experts suggest that mixed breeding white Pugs should be avoided due to the greater risk of health problems related to their lack of pigment.

White Pugs are more prone to certain health issues related, such as eye problems, deafness, and skin sensitivity. These conditions can lead to severe discomfort for the pup and may require costly medical treatments.

Kennels and organizations recommend only adopting white Pugs from a reputable Pug breeder who follows a strict code of ethics and have the breed’s best interests in mind.

White Pug Color Genetics

White Albino Pug in the garden
Image credit: absolutelybetty / Instagram

Not only are white Pugs considered beautiful and unique, but there is also a genetic factor to consider. 

Most white Pugs have a gene known as the “piebald,” which can cause them to produce white fur instead of their usual black or fawn coat. 

This gene is recessive and needs to be present in both parents for it to be passed down to the puppies. As a result, most white Pugs will come from a line of purebred Pugs specifically bred to produce this color. 

Since these genes are recessive, selecting a reputable breeder who has thoroughly researched the family lines they plan on breeding is important. 

This will ensure that your puppy is healthy and not at risk for any genetic diseases, such as Pug dog encephalitis or inflammation of the brain.

It’s important to note that white Pugs have a higher chance of developing additional health issues due to their unique genetics. 

Do White Pug Puppies Stay White as They Grow?

Like all other Pugs, white Pugs can come in various shades and coloring. Depending on the genetics of the Pug parent, some puppies may be more white than other breeds. 

Still, as they grow older, their paler coat will begin to develop more distinct markings and colorations. For example, some white Pugs may show black or fawn fur patches as they grow. 

The amount of color patches that may develop will depend on the puppy; hence, you should discuss this with your breeder before committing to the adoption process.

White Pug Temperament and Personality

White Pug puppy sitting outdoors
Image credit: absolutelybetty / Instagram

White Pugs are known for their friendly and outgoing personalities. They love to play and cuddle, making them a great addition to any family.

These pups get along well with children and other pets, so they can fit into almost any home. White Pugs also have a strong desire for attention, so they must receive plenty of love and affection.

While white Pugs are usually quite friendly, they can also be prone to barking and other disruptive behaviors if not properly trained. You may also apply training for regular Pugs to achieve the same temperament.

With consistent training and positive reinforcement, white Pugs can become well-behaved members of your family in no time.

White Pug Lifespan and Health Issues

White Pugs typically live anywhere from 10 to 14 years, although some may live longer or shorter depending on their genetics and lifestyle. 

As with all dogs, providing your pup with proper nutrition, exercise, and following professional advice is important to ensure a long and healthy life.

The main concern when considering white Pugs is that they are more prone to certain genetic disorders. Of course, these issues are on top of the already serious Pug health issues that affect the lifespan of the breed. 

Some of the potential health problems of a white Pug include:

  • Deafness: Deafness is a condition that affects the auditory system, resulting in partial or total hearing loss. It can occur in white Pugs due to a genetic mutation or environmental factors.
  • Eye Diseases: Eye diseases are any conditions that affect the function or structure of the eyes and can cause vision loss. Common eye diseases in white Pugs include glaucoma and cataracts.
  • Skin Disorders: Skin disorders refer to any condition that affects the health and appearance of the skin, ranging from minor rashes to more severe issues like mange. Due to their sensitive coat type, white Pugs can be prone to skin problems, including skin cancer.
  • Allergies: Allergies are an overreaction of the immune system to foreign substances. It is always recommended to check for food allergies your white Pug may have.
  • Breathing Difficulties: Breathing difficulties can be caused by various issues, including physical obstructions in the upper airway, respiratory infections, and heart issues. White Pugs can be particularly prone to breathing problems due to brachycephalic snouts.
  • Joint Problems: Joint problems refer to any condition that affects the health of the joints, such as arthritis or hip dysplasia. White Pugs may experience worse joint problems compared to healthier, standard Pugs.

A white Pug is a beautiful and unique companion that can bring love and joy to your life. With the proper care, these pups can be healthy and happy members of your family for years to come.

How to Take Care of Your White Pug

White Pug during a photoshoot
Image credit: casper.thewhitepug / Instagram

Like all other dogs, white Pugs require primary care and nurturing to stay healthy and happy. In addition to regular grooming and vet visits, it’s important to provide your pup with proper nutrition and exercise. 

It’s also important to watch for any potential health issues or genetic disorders in your white Pug due to its unique coloration. 

For example, albino dogs and all albino animals can experience heightened sensitivity to sunlight and are more prone to certain skin conditions.

Some of these include sunburn and heat rash visible in the animal’s body, which can eventually lead to skin cancer

Ensure that your pup has access to shady areas during the hottest times of day, and consider providing them with protection against sunlight, such as a hat, long-sleeved shirt, and pet-safe sunscreen when they are outside. 

Reach out to your trusted vet for grooming tips and care recommendations. After all, keeping your white Pug healthy and happy is an important part of being a responsible pet owner.

How Much Does a White Pug Cost? Puppy Prices & Expenses

White Pugs typically cost between $900 and $2,000, depending on the breeder and location. In addition to the initial cost of adoption, future expenses should also be considered. 

This includes food, treats, supplies, vet bills, grooming costs, obedience classes, and any other necessary items or services that might be required to keep your pup healthy and happy. 

Below is an estimated breakdown of the initial expenses associated with owning a white Pug: 

Type of ExpenseCost
Food and Treats$30 – $80
Bowls$10 – $30
Toys$20 – $30
Beds$30 – $200
Collars and Leashes$15 – $50
Crates and Carriers$30 – $200
Grooming Essentials$50 – $150
Initial Vet Visits$100 – $500
Initial Vaccine Shots$50 – $300
Deworming, Flea, and Tick Medications$40 – $300
Neutering or Spaying$50 – $500
Microchipping$40 – $60
Dog License$10 – $20
Other Essentials$20 – $50
Total Initial Cost$495 – $2,470

As a pet owner, you should remember that these initial costs are just the beginning of your journey with your pup. 

After adoption, you will need to factor in regular expenses such as food, veterinary visits, and more. It is important to plan for these costs in advance to provide a safe and loving home for your new pup.

With a bit of research and care, you’ll be able to find the best options for both you and your new pup. With all these Pug costs in mind, owning a white Pug can be an expensive but rewarding commitment. 

Places to Find White Pug Puppies for Sale and Adoption

White Pug puppy on the bed
Image credit: absolutelybetty / Instagram

White Pugs are not explicitly bred by reputable breeders, as they are deemed unethical to breed. Also, white Pugs do not have the consistent characteristics seen in other purebred Pugs, making them difficult to breed.

However, several options are available if you are interested in adopting or buying a white Pug.

The first option is to search for responsible breeders in your area and inquire if they have accidentally bred a completely white Pug. 

This can be a long and challenging task, as you will need extensive research to chance upon a white Pug. Another option is to search for Pug rescues and shelters in your area. 

You should also consider looking for a Pug dog club. They can be a great resource if you want to bring a white Pug into your family. 

Finally, online classified sites are also good places to look for white Pugs up for adoption. While this option is not always recommended, it can be a viable option for those looking to acquire a white Pug.

No matter which route you choose to adopt your white Pug, research and ask lots of questions before bringing this unique and controversial companion into your home.

Best Dog Names for Your White Pug Puppy

Finding the perfect name for your pup can be one of the most exciting parts of becoming a pet owner. 

Here are some white Pug name ideas to get you started:

  • Alba
  • Snowflake
  • Pearl
  • Marshmallow
  • Vanilla
  • Frosty
  • Misty
  • Casper
  • Bianca
  • Cloud.

You can also use these name ideas for any white dogs other than the Pug. 

A short and easy-to-pronounce name for your white Pug is important. This will make it easier to call and give commands to your dog.

Furthermore, a simple, memorable name can help ensure that your white Pug has an identity of its own, making them feel more loved and special.

Frequently Asked Questions

White Pug lying on the couch
Image credit: casper.thewhitepug / Instagram

Are White Pugs Rare?

Yes, white Pugs are rare. Due to their light-colored coat, they are not usually bred intentionally and can be challenging to come by, unlike regular-colored Pugs like black Pugs.

Are Albino Pugs Rare?

Yes, albino Pugs are extremely rare. Albinism is a genetic condition affecting an animal’s skin, fur, and eye pigmentation. Albinism is also associated with many health issues.

Because of this, purposely breeding albino Pugs are highly discouraged. As a result, albino Pugs are becoming rarer as the years go by.

Are White Pugs Purebred?

While major kennel clubs do not list the color white in the breed standards of the Pug, it is nonetheless a possible color in Pugs.

That said, white Pugs are purebred and considered a part of the same species as other Pug breeds. The only difference is that they suffer from either leucism or albinism.

Are White Pugs AKC-Recognized?

White Pugs are not recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) as one of the Pug’s standard colors; therefore, this dog cannot be registered with them. 

However, numerous other dog registries recognize white Pugs and allow them to be registered. This is especially true for kennel clubs meant for hybrid dogs.

Are White Pugs Expensive?

The price of a white Pug can vary greatly depending on factors such as its quality, health, and age. Generally speaking, they tend to be more expensive than different breeds due to their rarity. 

Why Does My Pug Have White Spots?

White spots on a Pug’s coat can be caused by genetics and are usually nothing to worry about. The white spots may appear as small patches, freckles, or large splotches covering a large body area. 

White spotting can occur in any color of Pug but is more common in light fawn-colored Pugs with black masks. Some white spots may be accompanied by bald patches or alopecia. 

However, this is more often due to allergies or skin conditions rather than being caused by genetics.

Do White Pugs Shed?

Yes, white Pugs shed, just like any other dog breed. This can depend upon several factors, such as the pup’s diet, health, and environment. 

The amount of shedding can also be influenced by age and season; some pups may experience more shedding during warmer months. 

What Is the Rarest Pug Color?

The rarest Pug color is white. White Pugs are unique because they have pink noses and lips, with light-colored fur around the eyes. They can also have white markings on their chests and legs.

White Pugs usually have a black mask, but some may be born without it. Generally, white Pugs are much rarer than other Pug colors, such as fawn or black.

Final Thoughts

The white Pug can be an excellent companion for families who know what they’re getting into. If you can look past their health issues and potentially steep price tags, you’ll surely enjoy owning a white Pug. 

After all, these are the same Pugs that we’ve all grown to love. From their soft fur to their gorgeous eyes, white Pugs are sure to bring joy to your home.

However, buying a white Pug from a breeder or supporting people who breed white Pugs is not the best idea. Keep in mind that the existence of white Pugs is controversial and frowned upon by many.

To get around this, we suggest only acquiring a white Pug if you can find one from shelters. Alternatively, you may want to find a white Pug mix instead.

So, are you getting a white Pug? Let us know your thoughts about the white Pug in the comments below!

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