Long-Haired Dalmatians: Info, Genetics, Pictures & Facts

Two long haired Dalmatians sitting on the outdoor chair
Image credit: ridley_the_dalmatian / Instagram

If you have not seen a long-haired Dalmatian yet, you may wonder whether these dogs are real. After all, the breed is known for its short, spotted coat. So, how could there possibly be long-haired Dalmatians?

In recent years, however, more and more fur parents have been sharing photos of their long-coat Dalmatians on social media. It turns out that these rare pups do exist, and they are just as adorable as their short-haired peers!

In this article, get to know the facts about the long-coat Dalmatian. From its health issues to grooming needs and personality traits, you will discover what makes this unusual Dal variety incredibly special. Let’s get started!

What Is a Long-Haired Dalmatian?

Long haired Dalmatian in front of a flower pot
Image credit: ridley_the_dalmatian / Instagram

A long-haired Dalmatian is one of the two variations of Dalmatians, the other being the short-haired Dalmatian. Long-haired Dals, also known as long-coat Dalmatians or LC Dalmatians, are rarer than their short-coat counterpart, as they have been “bred away” for many years.

Generally speaking, it is worth noting that the long-haired Dalmatian results from a recessive gene. They are still classified as purebred Dalmatians, yet they may not be recognized by some registries due to their oddity.

For one, the American Kennel Club (AKC) has deemed them non-standard and not admissible in conformation shows. The same goes for the Dalmatian Club of America (DCA) and the United Kennel Club (UKC).

Simply put, these major kennel clubs have been working hard to keep the long-haired Dalmatian off the show ring, which has led to its dwindling numbers in the past couple of years.

Are Long-Haired Dalmatians Rare?

Yes, long-haired Dalmatians are known for their rarity. However, do take note that being considered rare and all does not mean that they are more promising than short-coat Dalmatians.

For instance, well-known dog clubs have officially prohibited them from being registered as purebred Dalmatians.

For this reason, expect that finding long-coat Dalmatian puppies and reputable Dalmatian breeders will prove challenging. Also, LC Dal puppies will tend to be more expensive than their short-haired counterparts.

Overall, these pooches’ uncommonness is due to the myth that they are a product of crossbreeding. In reality, though, they possess a recessive long-hair gene passed down through generations.

Long-Haired Dalmatian Appearance

Long haired Dalmatian with bandana sitting indoors
Image credit: ridley_the_dalmatian / Instagram

Since the long-haired Dalmatian is of the same breed as regular Dalmatians, it shares the same qualities. The only difference is that it maintains a longer coat length, hence its name.

Therefore, from the signature spots you love about this dog breed to its sleek, athletic body structure, you can anticipate a long-haired Dalmatian puppy to carry those traits as well.

Yet, remember that long-coated Dalmatians do not necessarily have the flowing hair one might expect from a dog with that kind of name. Instead, it is usually only their ears, tails, and neck area that are covered in thick hair.

So unlike other dog breeds exhibiting the long-coat gene, such as Shih Tzus, Pomeranians, and Samoyeds, the long-haired Dalmatian does not have an abundance of fluffy fur over its entire body.

In terms of long-coat Dalmatian color, all female and male long-haired Dalmatians will sport a predominantly white shade, accompanied by either black, liver, orange, lemon, or brown circle marks.

Long-Haired Dalmatian Size and Weight

A long-haired Dalmatian puppy may weigh between 45 and 70 pounds when fully grown. This range should be matched by a height averaging around 19 to 24 inches at the shoulder.

As with short-haired Dalmatians, you should remember that long-haired ones should reach these numbers by 15 to 24 months. Still, this only applies if your dog is healthy and has no issues that may affect its growth.

Ultimately, genes, nutrition, environment, and quality of care determine whether or not your long-coat Dalmatian puppy will be tall or short when it matures.

Check out this video of a long-haired Dalmatian puppy growing up over the course of a year:

Dalmatian puppy growing up! 8 weeks to 1 year!

Long-Haired Dalmatian Genetics

Long haired Dalmatian lying on the ground
Image credit: ridley_the_dalmatian / Instagram

Like other animals and humans, genetics play a significant role in determining the physical features of a Dalmatian. In short, your potential Dal puppy’s appearance largely depends on its parents.

In the case of the long-haired Dalmatian, since the long coat is a recessive trait, both parents must pass one copy of the long-haired gene for it to be expressed in their offspring.

This occurrence is called the Lh1 mutation, which has been identified as responsible for causing this specific coat length variation within the Dalmatian breed.

For example, a puppy born with long fur is most likely a product of an Lh/Lh pairing. Meanwhile, short-haired or regular Dalmatian pups would be caused by either Sh/Lh or Sh/Sh combination.

Consequently, given that it is very complicated to breed Dalmatians with long hair, it can be difficult to locate reputable breeders that can help you get your hands on one.

In a nutshell, this is the reason why long-haired Dalmatians are rare. They make up a very small percentage of all Dalmatians born each year.

Long-Haired Dalmatian Temperament and Personality

Contrary to popular belief, the long-haired Dalmatian is not feisty by nature. In fact, it is socialization, training, and care that determine whether a pup will be friendly or not.

Having said that, many dog owners have reported that their long-coat puppies grew up to be dignified, loving, and a bit reserved. They are not gutsy or assertive — they are often calm.

What’s more, they are deemed intelligent dogs. While they may not show it initially, long-coated Dalmatians can learn new things quickly and easily.

Further, the long-haired Dalmatian belongs to the category of protective animals. So if your puppy is properly socialized, trained, and given enough exercise, it has the best chance of being an excellent guard canine.

Simply put, if you want your LC Dalmatian puppy to be the most awesome canine ever — attentive and affectionate — raising it with love and respect should be your top priority.

Long-Haired Dalmatian Shedding and Grooming

Long haired Dalmatian puppy sitting on the couch
Image credit: bentley.the.dal / Instagram

Similar to standard Dalmatians, expect that long-haired Dalmatians shed quite heavily. This only means one thing: people with dander allergies must be careful around them.

Fortunately, regular brushing and grooming are easy ways for owners to keep their dogs clean and healthy. This can help reduce shedding by removing the loose dead hair before it falls out naturally.

Most Dalmatians with longer hair tend to have their paw pads covered in a dense coat, too. This makes them more prone to getting dirt stuck between their toes or atop their feet.

In this case, investing in a good pair of clippers will go a long way toward keeping your long-hair Dalmatian’s paws free of debris that could cause irritation or infection.

Finally, like other dogs, long-haired Dalmatian puppies must be bathed at least once monthly. To avoid any allergic reaction, use a shampoo made especially for canines.

Long-Haired Dalmatian Lifespan and Health Issues

The long-haired Dalmatian, with an average life expectancy of 11 to 13 years, is a long-lived canine. However, there are some health issues you should be aware of when considering owning one of these striking dogs.

The following is a list of health problems Dalmatians with long coats can develop:

  • Urolithiasis: Given that long-coat Dalmatians retain a unique urinary tract system, they are especially prone to developing urolithiasis. This disorder is caused by the formation of bladder stones that can become very large and cause significant pain.
  • Congenital Sensorineural Deafness (CSD): As with certain breeds, the long-haired Dalmatian is predisposed to CSD. This condition is where there is constant and irreversible hearing loss, which generally occurs in the first year of the lives of affected dogs.
  • Dalmatian Bronzing Syndrome (DBS): Also known as Dal crud, DBS is an autoimmune skin condition that causes the long-haired Dalmatian’s skin to turn bronze or brownish-gray. Other symptoms of DBS include hair loss, skin scaling, and itchiness.

Long-haired Dalmatians are still purebreds, so they are no different from their short-coat relatives regarding the risk of many health issues. Both types will benefit from regular vet visits throughout their lives.

How Much Does a Long-Haired Dalmatian Cost? Puppy Prices & Expenses

Long haired Dalmatian puppy resting on a sofa
Image credit: bentley.the.dal / Instagram

While the Dalmatian is a recognized breed, its long-haired variety is not. This signifies lower demand and, thus, lower prices for long-haired Dalmatian puppies, ranging from $600 to $1,200.

Meanwhile, if you do not wish to purchase a long-haired Dalmatian puppy, you may adopt one. Adoption fees for juvenile, adult, and senior dogs typically cost between $50 and $500, depending on age and health.

In addition to the Dalmatian long hair price, though, note that there are other fees that come with owning this dog breed. These costs include licenses, grooming tools, treats, and other miscellaneous items.

For your reference, below is a table that summarizes the initial expenses associated with owning Dalmatians with long coats:

Type of ExpenseCost
Food and Treats$70 – $110
Bowls$10 – $30
Toys$30 – $60
Beds$40 – $200
Collars and Leashes$15 – $50
Crates and Carriers$50 – $370
Grooming Essentials$50 – $160
Initial Vet Visits$100 – $500
Initial Vaccine Shots$50 – $300
Deworming, Flea, and Tick Medications$40 – $300
Neutering or Spaying$50 – $500
Microchipping$40 – $60
Dog License$10 – $20
Other Essentials$20 – $50
Total Initial Cost$505 – $2,710

Although long-haired Dalmatians cannot be enlisted with renowned canine associations, they may still participate in dog shows in your area.

If this interests you, you must also set aside funds for training classes, registration fees, and other charges associated with taking Dalmatians exhibiting long coats to sporting events.

Places to Find Long-Haired Dalmatian Puppies for Sale and Adoption

Since long-haired Dalmatians are uncommon, you may have difficulty finding one for sale and adoption. Further, the increasing number of puppy mills has made it even more difficult to locate a reputable breeder.

Luckily, there are still many breeders out there that can produce puppies that are both genetically sound and healthy — you just have to know where to look for them.

To give you a headstart, the following are some of the best places where you can find long-coat Dalmatian puppies for sale:

  • AKC Marketplace – Even if the AKC does not currently recognize long-haired Dalmatians, their marketplace consisting of respected Dalmatian breeders can help you find the ideal puppy for your home. These breeders have been carefully vetted by the club, and they are breeding dogs with a focus on health, disposition, and conformation.
  • DCA Listing Service – The Dalmatian Club of America offers a useful database of breeders who may be willing to sell you a long-haired Dalmatian puppy. Their listing service is free and easy to use, making it an excellent resource for prospective LC Dalmatian owners.
  • Good Dog – With Good Dog’s strict screening process, you can rest assured that all their listed dog breeders will provide you with the best quality long-haired Dalmatians. Their website is also easy to navigate, adding a layer of convenience for potential buyers.

Aside from buying a puppy, adopting a long-coat Dalmatian may be more advantageous for you. By doing so, you can save money in the process. You will also get a chance to help an animal that needs extra love and attention.

Below are some places where you may be able to find Dalmatians with long coats available for adoption:

  • Dalmatian Club of America Foundation (DCAF) Affiliated Rescues – Established in 1995, DCAF is a non-profit organization that helps facilitate the adoption of Dalmatians. They have a list of affiliated rescue organizations that may be able to assist you in locating a long-haired Dalmatian.
  • Paradise Valley Rescue (PVR) – Located in California, Paradise Valley Rescue is one of the most well-known organizations that rescues and rehomes Dals. Their adoptable long-haired Dalmatians are already spayed/neutered, microchipped, and up-to-date on vaccinations.
  • Dalmatian Rescue of South Florida (DRSF) – Dalmatian Rescue of South Florida is another rescue group that has dedicated itself to helping Dalmatians. As for the adoption fees for this association’s long-haired Dalmatians, expect to pay around $200.

As with any other breed, it is likely that long-haired Dalmatians have social media groups dedicated to them. Joining these groups is also one of the best ways to find info about where to buy or adopt such loyal dogs.

Meet Some Long-Haired Dalmatians

For anyone who cannot get enough long-haired Dalmatians, we’ve found a treasure trove of dog photos that will make you want to run out and get one now.

Here is a collection of some of the most adorable LC Dalmatians ever seen:

1. Adventure the Long-Haired Dal

Long haired Dalmatian on a flower field
Image credit: adventure_longhaireddal / Instagram

Meet Adventure the Long-Haired Dal, a two-year-old dog that loves to run around and explore new things. This long-coated Dal is a great example of how beautiful and adventurous the Dalmatian breed can be!

2. Harley the Long Dal

Long haired Dalmatian out on the snow
Image credit: harleythelongdal / Instagram

Coming up is Harley the Long Dal, a beautiful, long-haired Dalmatian residing in Missouri. Harley is an extremely gentle soul that loves to play with his sibling, Miller, a Golden Retriever, and his humans.

3. Ridley the Dalmatian

Two long haired Dalmatians resting on a bench
Image credit: harleythelongdal / Instagram

If a liver-spotted long-haired Dalmatian puppy is what you are looking for, look no further than Ridley. This little guy is a total sweetheart and has an eye-catching coat that will make people stop in their tracks.

At an early age, Ridley has already proven to be quite the character. He loves playing with other dogs and people of all ages.

4. Frankie

Long haired Dalmatian with flowers on the background
Image credit: frankiestelte / Instagram

Another long-coat Dalmatian worth mentioning is Frankie. This adorable puppy is nothing short of a stunner with its black-and-white coloring, floppy ears, and soulful eyes.

5. Bebo

Long haired Dalmatian out for morning walk
Image credit: bebo.the.doggo / Instagram

Finally, here comes Bebo the Dalmatian. While Bebo is still a growing pup, he already has the adorable look of the true Dalmatian breed. His coat is thick and luxurious, and his face is as sweet as can be.

Frequently Asked Questions

Long haired Dalmatian puppy up close
Image credit: bentley.the.dal / Instagram

Are Long-Haired Dalmatians Purebred?

Yes, long-haired Dalmatians are purebred and are of the same breed as the short-haired version. It is just that their fur has grown longer due to genetics.

Specifically, these long-coated dogs have a genetic mutation that causes their hair to grow considerably longer than usual. This mutation is known as the “long coat gene” or the “Lh1 trait.”

Despite them being purebred, though, bear in mind that no kennel club officially recognizes them. This is because they do not fit the breed standard for Dalmatians.

Are Long-Haired Dalmatians Good Pets?

Similar to other dogs, long-haired Dalmatians can be good pets. They are often playful and energetic but tend to be sensitive and gentle. However, this does not mean that they do not need training or discipline.

Once given adequate attention and care by their owners, though, long-haired Dalmatians make great mates for people of all ages, especially children who want a dependable four-legged friend to play with.

Are Long-Haired Dalmatians Hypoallergenic?

Given that short and long-haired Dalmatians shed heavily year-round, it is unsurprising that they are not hypoallergenic. This indicates that the dander from these pooches can trigger allergies in humans.

With this, it is only necessary for prospective owners of this breed to be aware of this fact before going ahead with their purchase.

They should also be ready to care for the long-haired Dalmatian’s coat, which may require frequent brushing or grooming sessions.

Are Long-Haired Dalmatians High Maintenance?

While long-haired Dals may take more effort in care than short-haired ones, they are not really high maintenance. They just need a little extra attention to keep their long coats healthy, shiny, and free of tangles.

Specifically, regular brushing will help you keep your LC Dalmatian looking its best. It will also prevent excess shedding and dander buildup in your home, and that’s definitely important if you have dander allergies.

Simply put, from food and diet requirements to training and exercise needs, these dogs are not overly fussy or difficult to care for. They are just as easygoing and laid-back as their short-coated cousins.

Final Thoughts

Now that you know the truth about long-haired Dalmatians, which is that they exist and are just a variation of the standard Dalmatian, you are now assured that they are real.

As discussed, regarding training, socialization, exercise requirements, diet needs, and even shedding issues, long-haired Dals are greatly similar to their short-haired counterparts.

Still, remember that they may require more grooming. Nonetheless, they do not need to be treated differently from how you would treat a typical Dalmatian.

Hopefully, this article has helped clear up some confusion for you and answered any questions you might have had regarding long-haired Dalmatians.

Are you ready to welcome one of these eye-catching, fluffy pooches into your life? Comment below and let us know what you think about the long-haired Dalmatian!

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