The French Bulldog comes in a wide range of colors and markings. Some of these are officially recognized by the kennel clubs, while others are not.
Despite the coat color differences, French Bulldogs remain the same adorable dogs. However, there is some disagreement over whether or not a dog’s coat color affects its health.
In this article, we will find out the different coat colors available to French Bulldogs. Not only that, but we’ll also talk about how each color affects the personality and physical well-being of the dog.
32 French Bulldog Colors
1. Black French Bulldog
Black is not considered a standard color for the French Bulldog. Despite this, this black pooch continues to be favored by several dog lovers.
Black French Bulldogs have a smooth, jet-black coat, which is often confused with the reverse brindle Frenchie.
These dogs have very dark stripes that are typically not noticeable, making them appear as if they are pure black.
It is rare to find black French Bulldogs with no trace of patterns, so expect these dogs to be quite expensive.
2. Black and Fawn French Bulldog
The black and fawn combo is one of the coat varieties of a black French Bulldog. The fawn color can range from a light brown to a dark red, making it challenging to tell its true hue from a single glance.
However, these dogs will not have the same yellow hue as tan French Bulldogs, making them more distinct.
French Bulldog puppies with this coat color have a predominantly black base coat with fawn spots primarily on their face, chest, and legs.
3. Black and Tan French Bulldog
The black and tan French Bulldog is also a type of black French Bulldog that has inherited a gene carrying the tan point trait.
These dogs have a solid jet-black coat with patches of tan. These spots — also referred to as “tan points” — are typically observed on the face, chest, and legs.
The black and tan coloring is not commonly seen among French Bulldogs. Rather, this color combination is prevalent in other breeds, such as Dobermans and Rottweilers.
Therefore, Frenchies with this color might resemble smaller versions of other dog breeds!
4. Black and White French Bulldog
A black and white French Bulldog can either be a black Frenchie with white markings or a white Frenchie with black markings. In rare cases, this dog may also have an even distribution of black and white throughout its coat.
Black and white French Bulldogs’ distinctive base colors and markings show how unique one puppy may be from another. All of them, however, can surely give French Bulldogs a fantastic look.
5. Blue French Bulldog
A blue French Bulldog is even rarer to find than a black one. This rare pup results from a recessive dilution gene that usually lightens a black coat.
French Bulldogs that are entirely blue will have a solid blue coat and blue eyes. Some people call them gray dogs because the hue of their coats appears to be silvery and almost blue.
Despite being exceedingly well-liked, blue French Bulldogs are also controversial. Unfortunately, blue Frenchies are more likely to experience color dilution alopecia, a disorder that causes hair loss.
6. Blue and Tan French Bulldog
The blue and tan French Bulldog is very similar to the black and tan Frenchie pup, aside from its base color, which is silvery blue.
In reality, these dogs are blue Frenchies, but with tan markings added into the mix. Similar to most bicolored pups, the tan points of blue and tan French Bulldogs are typically found on the chest, face, and legs.
Due to the rarity of reputable breeders crossing their parents, these dogs will likewise be difficult to come by.
7. Blue Fawn French Bulldog
As the name suggests, the blue fawn Frenchie has a base color of fawn with a bluish hue. Even the black mask that is usually found on these dogs appears blue.
Blue fawn Frenchies stand out from typical fawns thanks to their light-colored eyes, which can be either blue or green.
In addition, the term “blue” in their name makes these dogs more expensive than regular French Bulldog puppies.
8. Blue Merle French Bulldog
Crossing a merle Frenchie with a blue Frenchie will result in a blue merle French Bulldog. This cross is extremely rare and expensive, just like both of its parents.
Blue merle French Bulldogs will have a base coat of a bluish-grey color. They also have merle spots all over their coats, giving them a lovely speckled appearance.
9. Brindle French Bulldog
Brindle is, without a doubt, a very popular color for French Bulldogs. Since its first recognition, this color has also been acknowledged as a part of the breed standard.
The basic coat of brindle Frenchies is either black or blue. There are also light streaks of fawn fur all over their body, giving them the appearance of a tiger.
Additionally, a white chest or little white patches all over the body could be present on black or blue brindle Frenchie puppies.
10. Brindle and White French Bulldog
The brindle and white Frenchie is a brindle French Bulldog that also sports white fur on its coat. Most kennel organizations approved of the brindle and white coat variant as one of the standard colors of the breed.
Finding this variant is easy because brindle and white are the breed’s most common hues.
11. Chocolate French Bulldog
The chocolate French Bulldog is a rare variety of this breed. These dogs are similar to blue Frenchies since they also require two recessive alleles to have the chocolate color.
If these dogs had even one dominant gene, the effect of the recessive gene would be hidden, preventing the development of the chocolate hue.
Chocolate French Bulldogs can vary from chocolate milk to a rich brown. They often have bright eyes that are green, yellow, brown, or gold in color.
Although chocolate French Bulldogs are already special, those with orange eyes are even more remarkable. These chocolate pooches are exceedingly pricey, with starting prices beginning at thousands of dollars.
12. Chocolate and Tan French Bulldog
The chocolate and tan French Bulldog is a chocolate Frenchie that also carries the gene for exhibiting tan points. This French variant is a good alternative if you want unique-looking chocolate Frenchies.
Significantly, these dogs have a base coat that is the same shade of chocolate, but their face, chest, and legs are tanned. You can see how this color appears if you’ve ever seen a Doberman with a dark brown coat.
13. Cream French Bulldog
The cream color is the least common of the nine AKC-approved French Bulldog colors. Consequently, it might not be regularly observed in dog competitions.
This Frenchie color is similar to light fawn but has a significantly lighter shade, like an eggshell.
Additionally, cream French Bulldog puppies have no markings but have black noses, black paw pads, black eye rims, and black lips.
14. Cream and White French Bulldog
The cream and white Frenchie is simply a variant of the cream French Bulldog. There are only white markings on their body, and they might also sport a black mask on their face.
In all other ways, cream and white and pure cream French Bulldogs are very much alike.
Interestingly, these dogs are even more uncommon than pure cream. However, the cream and white color combination is not recognized as an official color.
15. Fawn French Bulldog
Another acceptable and common color for French Bulldogs is fawn. Reputable breeders often have fawn Frenchies since producing these dogs is not as complicated as producing other colors.
French Bulldogs in the fawn color range from red fawn Frenchies to light brown Frenchies. Many fawn-colored Frenchies also have black masks on their faces and either fawn stripes or dark black stripes on their backs.
Fawn and chocolate French Bulldogs are sometimes mistaken for one another. However, if you look closely, you’ll notice that fawn Frenchies often have a lighter reddish hue.
16. Fawn and White French Bulldog
The fawn and white French Bulldog is one of the many awesome brown and white dog breeds. These dogs have a fawn base coat with white markings on the paws, chest, and face.
Most people mistake these dogs for white and fawn Frenchies, although those Frenchies have white base coats.
Furthermore, French Bulldogs of this color are registered with the American Kennel Club and are allowed to participate in dog shows.
17. Fawn Brindle and White French Bulldog
The fawn brindle and white French Bulldog is another color variety that is popular and recognized as a breed standard.
French Bulldogs with a fawn brindle and white coloring are adorned with a fawn coat, brindle pattern with black or brown lines, and white patches.
Some people could confidently say that this dog is tricolored. Fawn brindle and white Frenchies, however, are dogs that fall under the category of brindles.
Similar to fawn and white Frenchies, the white patches of these dogs are usually found on the face and chest, while the black or brown lines are seen on their ears and body.
18. Isabella French Bulldog
The Isabella French Bulldog is one of the most expensive and rarest color variants of the breed. They are truly amazing Frenchies due to their unusually diluted grayish-blue coat, which at times seems unreal.
Moreover, Isabella French Bulldogs have lovely eyes, which are typically lighter colors of yellow, blue, green, and brown. Their face’s skin is pinkish in color, especially around the lips, eyes, and nose.
Surprisingly, Isabella Frenchies share minor similarities with lilac Frenchies in terms of genetics. However, they were tested and found to carry two copies of the blue and chocolate gene (bbdd).
19. Isabella and Tan French Bulldog
The Isabella and tan French Bulldog is one of the newest color variations of the breed. However, this coat color variant in Frenchies is not recognized by any kennel club.
Undoubtedly, this hue is one of the most unique colors French Bulldogs can have. These dogs have a light brown base color with tan tones that give them a smooth and velvety appearance.
20. Lilac French Bulldog
The lilac French Bulldog is frequently misidentified as a blue French Bulldog. These canines, on the other hand, are physically and genetically distinct from the other Frenchies.
Lilac Frenchies have a very pale, almost ashy, or silver tint to their coat. As they age, their coat gradually gets lighter and lighter.
To produce French Bulldogs with a lilac coat, the parents must be blue and chocolate, or at the very least, a chocolate gene carrier.
21. Lilac and Tan French Bulldog
A French Bulldog with a lilac base color and tan markings on their paws, chest, bottom, cheeks, and eyebrows is known as “lilac and tan” French Bulldogs.
Generally speaking, the more pronounced the color contrast, the more adorable these puppies appear.
Lilac and tan French Bulldogs are quite popular, but these puppies are expensive and difficult to find, frequently costing several thousand dollars.
22. Merle French Bulldog
A merle French Bulldog has mottled patches that resemble a speckled cow. A dominant merle gene generates this merle coat, which can appear in any color, including black, lilac, blue, or tan.
As this gene is dominant and only influences the black-based coat color, French Bulldogs only need one copy of the merle gene to have this type of coat.
Breeders seeking to cross two Frenchies with the merle gene run the risk of producing double-merle puppies. These are dogs prone to chronic illnesses like baldness, blindness, immunological diseases, and deafness.
23. Platinum French Bulldog
A platinum French Bulldog is extremely popular, but it is also one of the rare French Bulldog colors. This exotic color is essentially cream but features some minor variations.
Cream-colored Frenchie typically features black paw pads, a black nose, black lips, and black eye rims. In contrast, the area around platinum French Bulldogs’ eyes, mouth, paws, and nose are diluted.
These dogs could also be mistaken for all-white albino French Bulldogs. Platinum Frenchies, however, have a notable luster on their coats.
24. Pied French Bulldog
A pied French Bulldog has a coat that is primarily white. They also have distinct large patches of various colors covering their head and body, such as black, red, or blue.
The distribution of the pattern and the ratio of white to the other coat color can vary a bit from Frenchie to Frenchie. This aspect truly makes a Frenchie with a piebald coat one-of-a-kind and absolutely stunning.
My very first French Bulldog was also a black-spotted piebald named Butch. As a pied, I was aware of their risk of developing deafness. Hence, I was particular in asking the breeder for a record of both parents’ genetic tests so I would be confident that Butch would be safe from the condition.
Due to this, along with a healthy and nurturing environment, Butch lived his entire life without suffering from this hereditary condition.
Fun Fact: For a Frenchie to be recognized as Piebald, the dark-colored patches must cover at least 50% of the dog’s overall body.
25. Red French Bulldog
The red French Bulldog, also called the dark fawn Frenchie, is a French Bulldog with reddish undertones to its light brown coat.
These puppies are also common, yet they are usually not recognized as distinct from fawn Frenchies.
The appearance of these red dogs is similar to other French Bulldogs. They also have a black mask and a white patch on their chest.
26. Red Fawn French Bulldog
A red fawn French Bulldog is almost identical to a red Frenchie in appearance. They also have a dark reddish tan coat but with an ashy shine that makes them appear lighter in tone.
These kinds of dogs also tend to have darker facial markings and ears with brindle streaks.
Puppies with this Frenchie coat are abundant, and it’s possible that you’ve already encountered these colors on French Bulldogs at some point. However, many people may not be aware that they are actually red fawns.
27. Sable French Bulldog
The coat of a sable French Bulldog varies from light to dark tones. As a result, an untrained eye may mistake a sable for a fawn French Bulldog at first glance.
However, upon close examination, you will realize that sable Frenchies have a distinctive reddish color on their fawn base. Moreover, the tips of their hair are usually black, giving them a washed-tip appearance.
Like fawn French Bulldogs, sable French Bulldogs can have a black mask or white markings on their chest.
28. Tan French Bulldog
The tan French Bulldog is known for its golden coat. These dogs are also mistaken for fawns. However, fawn Frenchies’ coats are usually a bit deeper red than the coats of tan Frenchies.
Tan may not be a recognized color, but for a fawn, this somehow falls inside the acceptable color range. In fact, in many kennel clubs, tan French Bulldogs can be registered as a fawn color.
29. White French Bulldog
A white French Bulldog is easily recognizable with its bright, all-white coat. It can also have blue eyes, which makes it even cuter.
The majority of white French Bulldogs do have some deeper fawn or brindle markings. These dogs are more common than pure white French Bulldogs, yet both of these colors are recognized.
However, pure white Frenchies carry an albinism recessive gene. This means that these white dogs may experience issues with their eyes, ears, skin, and other organs.
30. White and Brindle French Bulldog
The white and brindle French Bulldog is actually a type of pied French Bulldog. These dogs feature brindle patches on the head, neck, or back over a primarily solid white coat.
If you want white French Bulldogs but don’t want to risk the health issues that come with fully white dogs, a white and brindle French Bulldog puppy is an option you can consider.
31. White and Fawn French Bulldog
The white and fawn color is one of the most common French Bulldog colors. Even though it is acknowledged by the AKC, it might be challenging to tell a white and fawn dog from a fawn and white dog.
White and fawn French Bulldogs have mostly white coats with some fawn spots on their head, neck, or back. Their fawn patches will be unique to each French Bulldog.
32. Tri-color French Bulldog
“Tri-color” is a term used to describe a Frenchie that has three different hues. This combination of Frenchie colors is typically made up of solid shades of white, black, and fawn.
However, some French Bulldogs may not be visibly tricolored. Because of this, it is necessary to do a genetic test to know exactly the coat color of your Frenchies.
French Bulldog Markings
Other than the base coat of a French Bulldog, it may also have additional markings all over its body. The size and intensity of these markings can differ between dogs depending on the genes inherited from their parents.
The following are the different markings that can be observed on a French Bulldog:
The black mask on a French Bulldog, sometimes referred to as a “melanistic mask,” is a coat pattern that makes the dog’s face appear to be masked.
The eumelanin pigment gives the muzzle hairs, and occasionally the entire face or ears, their color. Normally, this would be black, but it might also be brown, dark gray, or light gray-brown.
A mask can be seen in conjunction with many different coat patterns, including sable and tan points.
However, it won’t be noticeable on a pure black coat and may be challenging to see with some others, such as brindle.
A French Bulldog’s black markings are typically an indication of hyperpigmentation. This merely indicates that more melanin, the natural skin pigment, is being produced by your dog.
Black marking is entirely normal and, according to breeding standards, even acceptable. This can be found everywhere in a French Bulldog’s body, though it is more usually seen on the face.
On occasion, though, a dog’s sudden development of black spots may necessitate medical intervention.
The presence of other symptoms is one of the warning signs that the spots are dangerous. Hair loss, bleeding, lumps filled with fluid, and crusty skin are a few of these signs.
Brindle is more precisely a pattern than it is a color. This design appears to be made up of strips of fawn color that are coated in black and brown, giving the appearance of tiger stripes.
The brindle gene is very common and generally recognized as the standard. There are numerous brindle patterns, but they’re often distinguished by brown stripes over a fawn coat.
Having bred French Bulldogs, this pattern may be described as an acquired taste and may not be for everyone. Some find the patterns as “dirty” looking as they may possibly look like skin issues from afar.
However, if you pay close attention to these patterns, they are actually quite impressive. Some brindle patterns where the shade of the brown stripes is almost red may even resemble something close to a tiger’s look, but this is quite rare.
The term “piebald” consists of the words “bald,” which denotes a white spot or patch, and “pie,” which derives from the word “magpie.”
This pattern is based on the remarkable black-and-white coat of the magpie. Piebald can, however, come in colors other than black and white in the French Bulldog.
Piebald French Bulldogs are well-liked by pet owners with families. However, these types of Frenchies are typically not retained by breeders as breeding stock.
Piebald is a pattern rather than a hue. Breeders that refer to piebaldness as a kind of color do not have a thorough understanding of the French Bulldog breed’s color genetics.
In contrast to the black marking, the white marking on French Bulldogs is caused by the hair’s loss of pigment. These canines will consequently have small to significant patches of fading or white color.
Any color of a French Bulldog can have white markings all over its body. However, it could be impossible to identify when combined with a light coat, such as white, cream, or platinum.
A ticked French Bulldog is one that has tiny flecks or spots of one color (often white) mixed in with its coat’s dominant color. Ticking occurs more frequently on the legs and muzzle.
In fact, if a dog only possesses a small amount of the ticking gene, it will first show in these locations before appearing anywhere else.
The American Kennel Club does not explicitly acknowledge ticking, but it is acceptable for many Frenchie enthusiasts. This pattern also led some pet owners to assume that ticked French Bulldogs were one of the Frenchie mixes.
French Bulldog Breed Standards & Disqualifications
In 1898, the American Kennel Club officially recognized the French Bulldog breed for the first time. However, the breed’s color had not yet been established by that time.
The color specifications for the French Bulldog were only established in 1911.
The American Kennel Club has approved the following French Bulldog colors:
- Brindle & white
- Fawn & white
- Fawn brindle & white
- White & brindle
- White & fawn
Aside from the acceptable colors, the breed standard also lists the following disqualifying colors in French Bulldogs:
- Solid black
- Black and tan
- Black and white
- White with black
- Blue fawn
Standards clearly ban particular colors for a purpose. Some of these include breed preservation and preventing the spread of health issues that can be caused by breeding dogs with unhealthy genes.
French Bulldog Coat Color Genetics
French Bulldogs have many colors and color patterns. And when that’s mixed together, the pup’s ultimate color appearance may surprise you.
To attain your desired color, it is a good idea to look at the dog’s genetics. Doing so will give you an idea of the possible color of its offspring.
Here’s a list of genes associated with Frenchie color and patterns:
- Brindle (K locus): The brindle gene is very common and dominant in French Bulldogs. This gene is used to determine the brindle coloration.
- Agouti (A locus): The agouti allele has many variations, which affect a French Bulldog’s coat color differently. Some of these include the “Ay” variant that gives the fawn or sable color; “Aw” for wild sable; “At” for black and tan; and the recessive “a” for pure black.
- Dilute (D locus): The dilute gene is what makes a dog visually blue. A French Bulldog puppy needs two copies of the dilute in its DNA to exhibit a blue coat color.
- Cocoa (CO locus): The cocoa gene is mostly linked to chocolate French Bulldogs. When two copies are expressed, it produces a dog that is dark chocolate in color.
- Brown (B locus): The brown gene is the most recent gene discovered in French Bulldogs. Brown color can be reproduced with one copy of the brown gene. This gene is also used to create an Isabella French Bulldog.
- Cream (EM/E locus): The EM and E loci work together to produce French Bulldogs that sport a “mask” of creamy hues. A dog needs two copies of the “e” gene to be completely cream or white.
- Merle (M gene): Merle is usually avoided by most breeders as it causes health problems for the dog. For the French Bulldog to produce merle offspring, only one parent needs to carry the merle gene.
- Pied or Spotting (S locus): This S gene is what makes a French Bulldog pied. It is uncommon to breed pied males to pied females, though, because the absence of pigmentation around the eyes and ears might cause blindness or hearing.
Now that you are aware of the different genes responsible for a French Bulldog’s color, your next step is to figure out what the parents’ genes are.
To help you get a better grasp, here is a video discussing French Bulldog color genetics:
Do French Bulldog Colors Affect Behavior and Health?
The French Bulldog color has been extensively studied in recent years. While some experts are curious about the relationship between a dog’s color and temperament, others are more interested in health-related issues.
However, no thorough research has been done on how a dog’s color impacts its personality, even with other dog breeds.
Because of this, all French Bulldogs are assumed to be playful and smart, regardless of their coat color.
Meanwhile, numerous studies have shown that the color of the dog has a detrimental impact on its health. Some good examples of these are the merle and blue Frenchies.
The blue French Bulldog carries an uncommon gene that generally turns black into blue. However, that gene also leaves it vulnerable to alopecia, which results in baldness and skin inflammation.
Despite the fact that blue has the most medical problems of any color, the merle color is the most dangerous of all.
When two merle Frenchies are bred, the puppies are more likely to have structural malformations, increased fetal mortality rates, blindness, deafness, and other abnormalities.
Given the risks associated with the rare colors, it is important to discourage breeders from producing them. The gene pool of Frenchies may become contaminated if these uncommon canines are kept as breeding stock.
Pro Tip: Regardless of the color of your French Bulldog, giving them a diet rich in omega fatty acids will definitely make their skin and coat healthier and create a better luster effect. This is recommended especially for Frenchies that join conformation shows.
Do French Bulldog Puppies Change Colors as They Grow?
French Bulldogs’ coat colors can change as they age for a number of reasons. The most significant, though, is due to genetics.
As genetics dictate the dog’s color, it will also determine the degree of change in your French Bulldog puppy’s coat as it gets older.
The coat of a French Bulldog begins to change gradually during its first week. And within a year, the coat color may have completely changed. However, some French Bulldogs’ coat colors may keep changing until they are 18 months old.
Another factor that can greatly affect the French Bulldog’s coat is grooming practices. Specifically, frequent baths for French Bulldogs with dark coats can cause their coats to lighten.
Some shampoos contain bleaching agents that are used to improve the appearance of a white dog’s coat. To avoid your Frenchie’s coat becoming too pale, you must carefully read the labels, ingredients, and directions.
Other causes for your French Bulldog’s coat to change include diet, health issues, exposure to sunlight, and even stains.
What Color Will My Frenchie Puppy Be?
French Bulldogs come in a variety of colors, but the most popular ones are brindle, fawn, white, and cream. The genetic makeup of the parent dogs will determine the color of your Frenchie puppy.
For instance, it is probable that all puppies will be brindles if both parents are brindles. However, if one parent is brindle and the other is fawn, then there is a chance that the puppies will be a mix of fawn and brindle.
If you know what colors the parents are, you can use a Punnett square to predict what colors the offspring may end up becoming.
While this might give you a general idea of what to expect from the parents, it is not guaranteed, as the genetics of these dogs are complex.
However, the colors your dog might inherit may be more accurately determined by genetic testing. This procedure can be carried out either by testing a panel of all potential loci or a particular one.
Frequently Asked Questions
What Color Is a Platinum Frenchie?
A platinum Frenchie is often mistaken for a white French Bulldog. However, this dog differs from a white French Bulldog in that it has color dilution around the eyes, mouth, nose, and paw pads.
This dog achieved this platinum color due to the presence of three recessive pairs of genes: ee, dd, and bb, or coco.
Are Lilac French Bulldogs Rare?
The lilac French Bulldog is one of the rarest color variations of the breed. This version of a French Bulldog ranges from blue to silver hues. It may also have white markings around its face as well as on its chest.
This color is pretty difficult to obtain as its parents need to have chocolate and blue genes, which are also uncommon in this breed.
Are Merle French Bulldogs Rare?
Another rare coat color of the French Bulldog breed is the merle. This is characterized by a mottled pattern of blue, black, or lilac color.
The merle French Bulldog is rare because only a few breeders are producing it. Breeders choose to avoid those dogs with the merle pattern gene, as it usually results in terrible defects.
Are Lilac and Isabella French Bulldogs the Same?
The lilac and Isabella French Bulldogs are two different dogs belonging to the same breed. These dogs differ slightly in color; a lilac French Bulldog has a darker shade of brown than Isabella.
In addition, the Isabella and lilac Frenchies have different genetic makeups. The diluted brown gene gives rise to the Isabella French Bulldog, whereas the diluted cocoa gene produces the lilac French Bulldog.
How Do I Know If My Frenchie Is Lilac or Blue?
Lilac and blue Frenchies are frequently confused with one another since they both appear to have a bluish-gray color. However, putting these dogs together will make the distinction between them more obvious.
If you look at them, you’ll notice the lilac Frenchie has a light-colored coat. Meanwhile, a blue French Bulldog has a dark-colored coat.
What Is the Rarest Color of a French Bulldog?
Merle is the rarest color of the French Bulldog. This dog’s body is covered in dark speckles and spots all over its light-colored coat. It also has vivid blue eyes that are the result of random pigment dilution.
Despite its beautiful appearance, this dog is prone to blindness, allergies, and other genetic problems. This means that they require a knowledgeable and skilled breeder to ensure that this dog will live healthier and longer.
What Is the Most Common French Bulldog Color?
The most common color among the AKC-approved French Bulldog colors is brindle. Frenchies with brindle coats typically have that dark, dominant color with lighter strands.
The K-Locus gene is the gene that causes the brindle pattern. Both of Frenchie’s parents should carry the recessive K gene to produce a brindle pup.
Having gone through the wide list of Frenchie colors, which among these beautiful hues do you prefer? Let us know what you think about the different French Bulldog colors in the comments section below!