34 Chihuahua Colors Explained (With Pictures)

Chihuahuas with different colors and markings

Surprisingly, unlike other dog breeds, Chihuahuas come in an array of coat colors. With such a wide range of hues to choose from, it can be hard for first-time owners to pick a single one.

Because of this, it’s crucial to understand each Chihuahua color, whether it is standard or non-standard. Moreover, Chihuahuas can also exhibit different markings and patterns, which should also be considered.

Clearly, there is much to learn about Chihuahua colors, including the genetics behind them and whether they can affect dog health and behavior. This article is here to discuss these topics and more, so keep scrolling!

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How Many Chihuahua Colors Are There?

Chihuahua colors and markings

Chihuahuas come in both solid colors and various color combinations. The American Kennel Club (AKC) recognizes 30 official Chihuahua colors, each with a corresponding registration code. Further, expect these colors to also appear on all possible Chihuahua types.

Below is a list of all possible Chihuahua colors that this tiny dog breed can have:

  • Black
  • Black and Red
  • Black and Silver
  • Black and Tan
  • Black and White
  • Black Sabled Fawn
  • Black Sabled Silver
  • Blue Fawn
  • Blue
  • Blue and Tan
  • Blue and Tan with White
  • Blue and White
  • Blue Brindled Fawn
  • Blue Merle
  • Chocolate
  • Chocolate Blue
  • Chocolate and Tan
  • Chocolate and Tan with White
  • Chocolate and White
  • Chocolate Brindled Fawn
  • Chocolate Sabled Fawn
  • Cream
  • Cream and White
  • Fawn
  • Fawn and White
  • Fawn Brindled Black
  • Gold
  • Gold and White
  • Red
  • Red and White
  • Silver
  • Silver and White
  • White

Meanwhile, the United Kennel Club (UKC), another well-known kennel club in the United States, doesn’t allow merle Chihuahuas to be registered. The same goes for the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in Belgium.

Nonetheless, the Chihuahua Club of America follows the same standard as the American Kennel Club (AKC) and allows any color, whether solid, marked, or splashed.

34 Chihuahua Colors

If you are looking to own a Chihuahua, here are their possible coat colors, along with some photos and descriptions:

1. Black Chihuahua

Black Chihuahua

A black Chihuahua sports an all-black coat. It is extremely rare to find a solid black Chihuahua without any white markings. If you find one, expect this dog to be quite expensive.

To produce black Chihuahuas, both parents must carry the dominant black genes. Moreover, these pups will also exhibit solid black eyes and muzzles.

Both short-haired and long-haired Chihuahuas can have solid black coats. In fact, some hairless Chihuahuas can also possess this standard color.

2. Black and Red Chihuahua

Black and red Chihuahua

At first glance, a black and red Chihuahua may be mistaken for the black and tan variety. The red markings will appear in the same areas as in the black and tan Chihuahuas, but they are usually darker in color.

These red markings can be in different shades, ranging from chestnut red, liver, or mahogany.

Like black, black and red is a standard Chihuahua color as determined by the American Kennel Club (AKC).

3. Black and Silver Chihuahua

Black and silver Chihuahua
Image credit: beautifulnightchi / Instagram

Another standard Chihuahua color is black and silver. Chihuahuas with this coat color have a dominant black coat with silver hairs covering some parts of the body, such as the chest, underbelly, and face.

The silver points may vary in intensity depending on how the dilution gene affects the black pigment of Chihuahuas. Nonetheless, black and silver Chihuahuas are sure to stand out from the crowd. 

4. Black and Tan Chihuahua

Black and tan Chihuahua

A black and tan Chihuahua resembles a Miniature Pinscher and Doberman’s coat. That’s why this dog is sometimes called a “mini Dobie.”

Their tan markings on the paws and chest are a result of a very specific combination of alleles: a double non-black allele (kyky) in the K locus and at least one tan-point allele (at) in the Agouti (A) locus.

Sometimes, their ears, muzzles, and legs may also appear tan. And like black Chihuahuas, black and tan Chihuahuas are also not common.

5. Black and Tan With White Chihuahua

Black and tan with white Chihuahua

A black and tan Chihuahua usually has white markings on its chest. This unique feature sets them apart from other breeds with a similar coat.

Black and tan Chihuahuas with white chest markings will sport the same tan muzzle, legs, and paws. Some parts of their chin and underbelly may also be white.

6. Black and White Chihuahua

Black and white Chihuahua

While many dog breeds have black and white coats, this two-toned color combination is also common among the Chihuahua breed. 

Genetically speaking, the eumelanin pigment is responsible for the black coloration, while the white parts of the dog’s body lack any pigment.

Black and white Chihuahuas may have a dominant white coat with splotches of black covering the body, particularly the head. 

Meanwhile, others may have a predominant black coat with white markings on the chest and paws.

Although black and white Chihuahuas are quite appealing, they may be more susceptible to congenital hearing loss than other color variations.

7. Black Sabled Fawn Chihuahua

Black sabled fawn Chihuahua
Image credit: anton_the_chihuahua / Instagram

The AKC enlists three sable varieties of the Chihuahua breed: black sable fawn, black sable silver, and chocolate sable fawn. 

A black sabled fawn Chihuahua usually has black sable patterns on its head, back, and tail while the rest of the body is fawn.

This sable pattern is said to be tipped. Meanwhile, other Chihuahuas can display a clear sable pattern where they have predominantly black coats. 

They can also have a shaded sable pattern where black or brown hairs are mostly observed on the neck and back.

Since sable is a dominant gene in Chihuahuas, a puppy will only need one allele of this gene to express this trait.

8. Black Sabled Silver Chihuahua

Black sabled silver Chihuahua
Image credit: bella.chanel2011 / Instagram

Another sable variety is the black sabled silver Chihuahua. These pups normally display black fur tips on their head, back, and tail. Sometimes, their muzzle can also have black-tipped hairs.

Unlike black sabled fawn Chihuahuas, black sabled silver pups have a predominantly silver coat. However, some may also display clear or shaded sable patterns, as mentioned.

9. Blue Chihuahua

Blue Chihuahua

A rare Chihuahua coat color on this list is blue. Blue Chihuahuas have a blue base coat color that ranges from charcoal to light gray. 

Overall, the blue color depends on the effect of the dilution gene. Chihuahua puppies must possess two recessive dilution genes to lighten the black pigment to blue.

Blue Chihuahuas are often compared to Weimaraners with a similar coat color.

10. Blue and Tan Chihuahua

Blue and tan Chihuahua
Image credit: mirabell_blue_diamond / Instagram

One variety of the blue Chihuahua is the blue and tan. Instead of an all-blue coat, these dogs sport a predominantly blue coat with a splash of tan coloring on their muzzle, ear tips, and paws.

You can compare this variation to black and tan Chihuahuas. The only difference is that the black coat is diluted to a blue or grey color.

11. Blue and Tan With White Chihuahua

Blue and tan with white Chihuahua
Image credit: 320sirius / Instagram

The blue and tan Chihuahua is a color variant that usually has white markings on some parts of its body, usually the chest area. Like black and tan Chihuahuas, they may also display white fur on their muzzle and underbelly.

This distinct feature is a sight to behold in both short-haired and long-haired Chihuahuas. In general, this coat color is quite rare.

12. Blue and White Chihuahua

Blue and white Chihuahua

Next on our list of rare Chihuahua colors is the blue and white Chihuahua. These pups exhibit a blue tint with white markings on the chest, paws, and some areas of the muzzle.

For Chihuahuas to be classified as blue and white, the white colorations should be noticeable in the mentioned areas.

Although possible, it is very rare for these dogs to have a predominantly white coat with blue splotches on some areas of the body. 

13. Blue Brindled Fawn Chihuahua

Blue brindled fawn Chihuahua
Image credit: bonothechi / Instagram

Although common in other dog breeds, brindle is also a rare coat color for Chihuahua dogs. 

According to the AKC, there are three types of brindle Chihuahuas: blue brindled fawn, chocolate brindled fawn, and fawn brindled black.

In blue brindled fawn Chihuahuas, the brindle pattern, characterized by blue tiger stripes, is scattered across their fawn coats.

In terms of genetics, Chihuahua puppies must carry the brindle or Kbr allele in the K locus for the brindle pattern to appear.

14. Blue Fawn Chihuahua

Blue fawn Chihuahua

A blue Chihuahua can also be categorized as a blue fawn Chihuahua. However, instead of having dominant blue coats, these dogs have a fawn color.

They have a unique blue mask due to the dilution gene they carry. This blue melanistic mask is a result of the dilute gene located in the D locus.

The pairing of two recessive dilute genes (d/d) results in the lightening of the Chihuahua’s muzzle, feet, and even eyes.

Because of this, some blue fawn Chihuahuas have a high possibility of having light brown or even blue eyes.

15. Blue Merle Chihuahua

Blue merle Chihuahua

Although included in the AKC’s breed standards for Chihuahua colors and markings, merle is considered a ground for disqualification. This is because the merle gene is not naturally occurring in the breed.

Blue merle Chihuahuas are characterized by irregular blotches of blue fur on a dominantly blue coat. The merle gene can also affect the color of the dog’s eyes and paw pads.

Although appealing to look at, blue Chihuahuas with a merle pattern are prone to a list of health issues, especially if they carry two copies of the merle gene. 

Further, blue merle Chihuahuas can have blue eyes, which can indicate deafness or vision impairment. Skin cancer is also very common in dogs that have a double merle gene.

16. Chocolate Chihuahua

Chocolate Chihuahua

A Chihuahua’s coat can also come in another standard color, which is chocolate or brown. Chocolate Chihuahuas sport a rich, chocolate brown coat that varies from light to dark brown hues.

Chocolate Chihuahuas are a result of a brown gene that dilutes the black pigment to a brown color. This also results in having brown or beige noses, paw pads, and even eyelids.

Although produced from recessive genes, chocolate Chihuahuas are actually not that rare and are often produced by Chihuahua breeders.

17. Chocolate Blue Chihuahua

Chocolate blue Chihuahua
Image credit: beaniethechihuahua / Instagram

A chocolate blue Chihuahua is an unusual standard Chihuahua color. Instead of an elegant brown coat, these dogs have a muted brown color that may appear blue.

Chocolate blue Chihuahua puppies can be produced from parents carrying the dilute gene and the brown gene that lightens the black pigmentation in their offspring.

18. Chocolate and Tan Chihuahua

Chocolate and tan Chihuahua

A chocolate and tan Chihuahua puppy is not as common as its pure chocolate counterpart but is also quite common nonetheless. 

These dogs have tan markings on their muzzle, ears, chest, legs, and paws, which is apparent in other Chihuahua color combinations. 

This results from the interaction of the at allele in the A locus and mutations in the B locus.

I remember my first Chihuahua named Reese. She was a smooth-coat chocolate and tan puppy with a laid-back personality, not typical of the rowdy temperament of these dogs.

What I loved about Reese’s appearance was her solid brown nose and her signature “kiss markings” above their eyes that look like eyebrows.

These markings are also known as “tan sports,” and they add more expression to the facial features of chocolate and tan Chihuahuas.

19. Chocolate and Tan with White Chihuahua

Chocolate and tan with white Chihuahua dog

A chocolate and tan Chihuahua may also have white fur on its face, muzzle, chest, legs, and paws. This tri-color combination is quite lovable and unique.

The white markings on their body make them more distinguishable than the two-toned chocolate and tan Chihuahuas. Due to their brown coat, they are considered the diluted version of black and tan Chihuahuas.

20. Chocolate and White Chihuahua

Chocolate and white Chihuahua

The chocolate and white Chihuahua boasts a dark chocolate coat with splashes of white on its body. 

Most Chihuahua puppies with this color only have white paws and chests, but others may have a more particolored appearance. This means that the amount of chocolate and brown in their coat is almost even.

The white patches of fur result from the absence of pigment cells in those areas. 

21. Chocolate Brindled Fawn Chihuahua

Chocolate brindled fawn Chihuahua
Image credit: my4chichis / Instagram

Another variety of brindle Chihuahuas is the chocolate brindled fawn. Unlike black brindled Chihuahuas, this Chihuahua dog has chocolate brindle patterns on its fawn base coat.

Although a chocolate brindle fawn coat is commonly seen in short-haired Chihuahuas, long-haired Chihuahuas can also exhibit this pattern.

Nonetheless, it is evident that brindle dogs are not as favored and accepted as other Chihuahua colors. That’s why many of them end up in Chihuahua rescues.

22. Chocolate Sabled Fawn Chihuahua

Chocolate sabled fawn Chihuahua
Image credit: lennichih / Instagram

As mentioned, one of the three sable Chihuahua varieties is the chocolate sable fawn. Contrary to its black sable cousins, a chocolate sabled fawn Chihuahua has dark brown tips of hair on a fawn base coat color.

This sable dog coat pattern results in a perfect blend of colors, especially in long-haired Chihuahuas. 

23. Cream Chihuahua

Cream Chihuahua

To the untrained eye, a cream Chihuahua may be mistaken for a white Chihuahua, especially if it has a pale cream coat. However, the former retains a red tinge in its coat.

The cream coats of Chihuahuas are produced from the dilution of the red pigment or the pheomelanin. This is caused by the dilution gene, the same gene that causes black fur to turn blue or grey.

Most cream-colored Chihuahuas have pale skin, but their eyes, eye rims, and noses remain black. 

24. Cream and White Chihuahua

Cream and white Chihuahua

A chihuahua may also have a two-toned cream and white hue. Cream and white Chihuahuas are mostly confused with pure white Chihuahuas, especially if the white coloring is quite prominent.

These dogs may have a lighter cream-yellow coat than your average cream Chihuahuas. But aside from this and their white fur splotches, these two bear the same physical traits.

25. Fawn Chihuahua

Fawn Chihuahua

Fawn is probably one of the most common Chihuahua colors. In fact, Chihuahuas were often called “little yellow dogs,” which clearly shows how prevalent this color is.

A fawn Chihuahua is not actually yellow, but its coat color can range from light tan or cream-yellow to a darker red-yellow.

Because of their popularity, some people mistakenly believe that fawn Chihuahuas are a separate type or variety of the breed. However, these dogs are just another standard color variation.

26. Fawn and White Chihuahua

Fawn and white Chihuahua

While some Chihuahuas have a full fawn coat, others may have some white colorings, adding some fun to this solid color. 

Fawn and white Chihuahuas can have a dominant fawn coat with some white markings on the face, muzzle, chest, stomach, legs, and tail. Meanwhile, some dogs can also have more white than fawn in their coats.

Depending on their genetics, fawn and white Chihuahuas can also have a liver or black nose. 

27. Fawn Brindled Black Chihuahua

Fawn brindled black Chihuahua
Image credit: jennifer_dirschowski / Instagram

A Brindle Chihuahua can also be classified as fawn brindled black. This color is also called “reverse brindle” because the tiger stripes, which are lighter in color, are visible over a darker coat.

Fawn brindled Chihuahuas appear to be mostly black with fawn-colored stripes ranging from light tan to a darker shade. The brindle coat pattern can be seen all over the body or only on certain spots.

28. Gold Chihuahua

Gold Chihuahua

Another alternate and rare Chihuahua coat color on this list is gold. A gold Chihuahua has a red undertone but appears more vibrant than a fawn or cream Chihuahua.

Gold Chihuahuas can display an almost cream color to a dark brown coat. Regardless of the shade, both short-haired or smooth-coat Chihuahuas and long-haired Chihuahuas can inherit this coat color.

However, gold Chihuahuas shouldn’t be mistaken for Golden Chihuahuas, the cross between a Golden Retriever and a Chihuahua.

29. Gold and White Chihuahua

Gold and white Chihuahua
Image credit: champagne.chihuahua11 / Instagram

Since bi-colored Chihuahuas are very common, a gold and white color combination is also possible for this breed.

Gold and white Chihuahuas have a gold coat with splashes of white color on the typical areas where markings are located. However, you may notice that the chest will largely have a white coloration.

They will also have a white-tipped tail along with light-colored eyes and a liver-colored nose. 

30. Red Chihuahua

Red Chihuahua

Similar to cream, fawn, and gold Chihuahuas, a red Chihuahua is derived from the pheomelanin pigment. But compared to the other coat colors, their red coat can appear dark red or even a dark orange shade.

Moreover, some red Chihuahuas can also have bright red coats with darker hairs scattered all over the body. As such, most of these pups have black eye rims, noses, muzzles, and paw pads.

31. Red and White Chihuahua

Red and white Chihuahua

Another elegant coat color combination in Chihuahua dogs is red and white. But, of course, unlike gold and white Chihuahuas, these pooches have a deep red hue, leaning towards brown or tan shades.

However, the white markings are visible in the same areas, although some Chihuahuas may have a predominantly white coat with a few red patches here and there.

32. Silver Chihuahua

Silver Chihuahua puppy

A silver Chihuahua closely resembles a blue Chihuahua, but what sets them apart is the somewhat metallic undertone that the silver Chi possesses. This is because their gray coat is interspersed with white fur. 

However, like blue Chihuahuas, silver Chihuahuas are a product of the dilution gene. And under bright light, the silver tint is much more noticeable.

Other dog breeds, such as Siberian Huskies and Weimaraners, also display this color.

33. Silver and White Chihuahua

Silver and white Chihuahua
Image credit: elevage.natamour / Instagram

A Chihuahua’s silver coat can also be splashed with some white markings on the muzzle, chest, underbelly, legs, paws, and tail. Other Chihuahuas can have larger white patches on the body.

Silver and white Chihuahuas can have a range of silver hues like their solid-colored silver counterparts, but overall, both these dogs have lighter coat colors.

34. White Chihuahua

White Chihuahua

Last on this list is a controversial Chihuahua color variation — the white Chihuahua. Considered the rarest Chihuahua coat color, white is the result of the lack of pigmentation in a dog’s coat.

However, these white dogs still retain the melanin or black pigment needed to exhibit black eyes, eye rims, noses, and paws. 

At first glance, white Chihuahuas may appear to be light beige, but up close, you can confirm that this pup has a pure white Chihuahua coat.

It is also quite common for this dog to be confused with an albino Chihuahua. However, a true albino dog will have pale eyes and pink eye rims, nose, and lips.

Albino dogs actually suffer from a genetic condition that makes them sensitive to light and skin conditions.

Chihuahua Markings and Patterns

Aside from having an array of coat colors, Chihuahuas also come with various markings and patterns, as imposed by the American Kennel Club (AKC).

While some of them have already been mentioned, there are still a couple of unique Chihuahua markings and patterns worth noting. These can also help owners recognize their furry friends right away.

1. White Markings

Chihuahua with white markings

From the list of colors above, you may have noticed that Chihuahua coats can have white markings. This is very common in Chihuahuas, and the amount can vary for each dog.

Some dogs can have white patterns on the face, muzzle, ears, chest, stomach, legs, paws, and tail. The extent of the white coloring is controlled by the piebald gene.

A Chihuahua dog with a single copy of this gene can have one-half or a third of its body covered in white. Meanwhile, if it carries two copies, then you can consider it a pure white Chihuahua.

2. Merle Markings

Chihuahua with merle markings

Merle Chihuahuas are those that possess merle markings on their body. These pups have splashes of dark, irregular patterns on a lighter background.

Although frowned upon by the AKC, merle markings in Chihuahuas are still permitted. Meanwhile, the Chihuahua Club of America and the United Kennel Club (UKC) disqualify dogs with this pattern.

To help you gain more insight, here is an informative video about merle patterns in Chihuahuas:

A merle Chihuahua with blue eyes! | Sweetie Pie Pets by Kelly Swift

3. Fawn Markings

Chihuahua with fawn markings

Most Chihuahuas with a white base coat can also exhibit fawn markings. These patches of color can be located anywhere on the body and can range from light tan to a darker shade.

The amount and tinge of the tan markings will depend on the genetics of the parent dogs. Chihuahuas with blue or black coats can also inherit the gene for tan markings.

4. Black Mask

Chihuahua with black mask

A Chihuahua may also have a black mask, also known as a melanistic mask. This refers to a black pattern that almost covers the dog’s entire face.

Chihuahuas with fawn, tan, red, and brindle coats can inherit this distinctive black pattern, which can even extend to the dog’s ears.

The E locus determines if Chihuahuas will express the gene for a black mask. If pups carry two copies of this gene, they will have a melanistic mask and will pass it to all of their offspring.

5. Blue Mask

Chihuahua with blue mask
Image credit: chicoscheekychihuahuas / Instagram

A blue mask is also possible for Chihuahuas with a diluted base color. The dilution gene causes the eumelanin pigment to turn into a paler color.

Like Chihuahuas with black masks, these dogs can have the hair of their muzzle or entire face blue.

6. Cream Markings

Chihuahua with cream markings

Similar to fawn markings, cream markings are also possible for Chihuahuas. These are typically found on the muzzle, torso, back, and limbs of a Chihuahua with a white base color.

The cream markings appear as splashes of solid color instead of spots on the Chihuahua’s body. They may appear as beige or a pale brown color, which is often more visible in bright light.

Cream markings are also controlled by the same genes that cause the red coat coloring in Chihuahuas. 

7. Spotted On White

Spotted on white Chihuahua

Another striking pattern possible for a Chihuahua is spotted on white. This refers to having colored spots on an otherwise white coat. The spotting pattern can be in various hues, including red, liver, brown, and black.

Inversely, Chihuahuas that display this unique marking are also called piebald Chihuahuas. However, in piebalds, the spots are technically the large white markings all over the dogs’ head, tail, and body on an otherwise colored surface. This is caused by the mutation of the MATF gene.

Pro Tip: The gene that causes piebalds in Chihuahuas as well as in other dogs, can also be responsible for congenital deafness. Hence, it is always best to ask the breeder for a copy of the genetic tests of the parents of the piebald puppies you are interested in.

8. Red Markings

Chihuahua with red markings

Most long-haired Chihuahuas have red markings. The red splashes of color, which can range from a deep red to a dark orange color, are spread across the dog’s body.

It’s very common to have red markings around the eyes and the ears, which also creates a distinct white pattern running from its muzzle to its forehead.

9. Black Brindling

Chihuahua with black brindling

Black brindling appears as a vertical striped pattern on a Chihuahua’s coat. The amount and width of the black stripes vary from dog to dog. In Chihuahuas, black brindling develops over a fawn and black coat.

This pattern is also possible in long-haired Chihuahuas, although the stripes will appear obscure due to their fur length.

10. Black Sabling

Chihuahua with black sabling

Black sable patterns in the Chihuahua can appear in three forms: tipped, clear, and shaded. But in general, sabling means that the hair on the dog’s base is lighter than on the tip.

The black-tipped hairs of Chihuahuas are typically seen on the head, back, and tail, but those with a clear sabling may only have black hair tips on the ears, back, and the upper surface of the tail.

Meanwhile, Chihuahuas with shaded sable patterns have the most black-tipped fur on their necks and backs.

11. Black Mask with White Markings

Chihuahua with black mask and white markings

A Chihuahua with a black mask with white markings has a melanistic mask covering its entire face or just the area around the muzzle and eyes and a white chest.

Although most of these Chi pups are black, others can have a different coat color, including those with a fawn or red base. However, this pattern combination is quite rare. 

Most Common Chihuahua Colors

The most common Chihuahua color is fawn. It comes in many variations but is quite popular due to its yellowish undertones.

Other prevalent colors include red, cream, chocolate, and black. Having white and fawn markings is also common for this dog breed.

It might be surprising to find black on the list, but genetically, black is a dominant color in the Chihuahua breed. However, you will often see black mixed with other color patterns.

Rare Chihuahua Colors

Chihuahuas with different colors on white background

Brindled Chihuahuas, along with blue, silver, and cream Chihuahuas, are rare to find. Similarly, those with merle markings are also uncommon.

Meanwhile, some rare color combinations include blue and tan, blue and white, cream and white, and silver and white. 

However, an extremely rare color for this breed is pure white, resulting from a lack of pigmentation.

Do Chihuahua Colors Affect Behavior and Health?

More often than not, many dog owners believe that their pup’s behavior is tied to their coat color. However, there is no scientific evidence to back up this claim.

Although the Chihuahua breed displays a general temperament as stated in the AKC’s standards, a dog’s personality will still depend on the owner’s way of handling and training them.

In fact, I have been able to breed different colors of Chihuahuas in my lifetime, ranging from chocolate and tan to chocolate, black and tan, and even cream ones — yet many of them display the common Chihuahua behaviors of loyalty, confidence, and having that big-dog attitude.

To ensure that they are at the best disposition before being released to their new homes, I provide them with socialization training even with other, much larger breeds at home. This results in a much more balanced behavior for the pups, regardless of their color.

However, the same can’t be said when it comes to health. Merle Chihuahuas, in particular, are prone to a couple of health issues, such as hearing and vision impairment, as well as skin conditions.

Those with a double merle genotype may even experience cardiac, reproductive, and skeletal problems during later old age.

Similarly, Chihuahuas that carry the dilution gene, including blue, silver, cream, and their variations, are susceptible to blindness and deafness.

Do Chihuahua Puppies Change Colors as They Grow?

Chihuahua puppies with different colors

Chihuahua puppies can change their coat colors as they grow. Some color changes occur naturally as they mature, but others may be health or environment-related.

Nevertheless, it is pretty common for Chihuahua puppies to have lighter or darker fur as they age. This coat color change can happen within the first 18 months.

Likewise, color patterns may also become smaller or larger or even lighter or darker as they age. This occurrence is apparent in brindle and sable Chihuahuas.

This also applies to Chihuahuas with white markings on a darker coat. For example, the white patterns on their face may extend from their muzzle to their forehead.

Some mild color changes can also happen wherein a pure white Chihuahua turns into a cream Chihuahua or a red puppy changes into a chocolate adult Chihuahua.

What Color Will My Chihuahua Puppy Be?

Predicting your Chihuahua puppy’s color can be challenging since their coat colors and patterns can still change within the first year. 

Even though you know the color of their parents, it’s still difficult to assume what color your Chihuahua will be because it all comes down to genetics.

Therefore, one of the most accurate methods of predicting your Chihuahua puppy’s color is to conduct a DNA test for the different coat color genotypes.

If you intend to breed Chihuahua puppies or are generally curious about coat color genetics, you can try creating a Punnett square to tabulate the possible color results of each gene combination. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Two Chihuahuas with varying colors playing outdoors

Why Do Chihuahuas Turn White?

Chihuahuas with dark solid colors, like black, can’t completely turn white, but it is possible for some of their fur to turn white. 

Some of their fur, especially around the muzzle, can turn white when they reach their senior years. However, there could be other reasons for this change.

Stress, genetics, and certain health issues can lead to graying or whitening of your Chihuahua’s fur. A hereditary condition called vitiligo can cause loss of pigment in some patches of fur. 

Why Is My White Chihuahua Turning Black?

Technically, it is impossible for a white Chihuahua to turn into a black dog. A pure white Chihuahua can only change its coat color to a light or darker cream shade.

However, it is possible for a white Chihuahua’s skin to have black spots or freckles due to hyperpigmentation. This happens when the dog is exposed to sunlight, which causes the body to overproduce melanin.

Are White Chihuahuas Deaf?

Not all white Chihuahuas are deaf; however, they are more prone to deafness due to their lack of pigmentation. 

According to studies, the merle gene and the piebald gene are associated with congenital deafness. The more white there is on a dog’s coat, the more susceptible it is to becoming deaf.

What Is the Rarest Color of Chihuahua?

The rarest color of Chihuahua is pure white. Due to the lack of melanocytes, white Chihuahuas have no dark markings on their coat but may still exhibit black noses, muzzles, eye rims, and paw pads.

Furthermore, they are rare because the gene for having a white coat is recessive.

What Chihuahua coat color captured you the most? What colors have you encountered so far? What colors were new to you? Share your thoughts, ideas, and questions in the comments below!

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